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Durian

Musang King Durian set to become Malaysia's Next Major Export after Palm Oil

Durian is one of the most exotic fruits in the world easily recognizable due to its thorn covered shell, distinctive taste and aroma.  It is native to South East Asia where it is regionally known as the “King of Fruits” due to its thorn covering that resembles a king’s crown. Although once considered a niche fruit durian is now gaining mass appeal with demand, namely for the Musang King variety from Malaysia, rapidly rising.

 

Demand for durian is predominantly being driven by Chinese consumers and F&B companies. Chinese consumers have only recently been exposed to durian on the back of rising income levels spurring traveling abroad to Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore, where durian is readily sold. As a result of this exposure, imports of durian into China have now reached unprecedented levels of growth  rising 23% p.a. in value since 2006. China now imports more durian in terms of value than grapes and bananas as well as three times more than it does oranges.

Consumption however is not all about China with demand also rising across Asia's entirety with F&B companies continously developing and expanding their durian based product offerings to  capture consumer sales.  Such companies include the likes of McDonalds, KFC, Nestle and Pizza Hut who often release durian products seasonally. In terms of products, F&B product offerings fall under three key categories and include: desserts such as ice cream and cakes, snacks such as chips and candies and beverages such as coffee and tea.

Although Malaysia's Musang King is the most highly demanded durian variety in the world, supply is severly limited resulting in Thailand dominating total exports to the tune of 96%.   The Malaysian government noticing the extreme demand supply imbalanced has launched efforts to capitalize on its new profitable export crop, the first of its kind since palm oils emergence in the 1960s, although it will take decades to overcome.  

WORLD TRADE

  • Global durian trade is estimated to be 450,000 KG p.a with 67% heading to China.

  • Global durian consumption is far higher than trade due to producing countries domestically consuming their produce. Total domestic consumption is roughly 1 billion KG p.a.

  • China's durian imports have been skyrocketing since 2006, growing 13% p.a. by volume and 23%.

  • Further rapid growth is expected in China as its per capita consumption is only 0.21 KG which severely lags behind the regions average.

  • Although durian is not native to Thailand, Thailand is the world’s number one exporter of durian with 96% of all exports.

  • Thai durians dominate exports but are deemed poorer in quality relative to Malaysian varieties. Thai durians, such as Monthong and Kan Yau, fetch only 2-5 USD/KG overseas compared to Malaysia's Musang King which is sold for 10-20 USD/KG on average and as high as 100 USD/KG.

  • The Malaysian government in 2017 announced its Musang King durian variety as a key economic export after noticing surging overseas demand and prices. 

Durian Key Stats

Durian Production by Country

(millions KG)

 

Source:

Badan Pusat Statistik (Indonesia)

Office Of Agricultural Economics (Thailand)

Statistik Tanaman Buah Buahan (Malaysia)

Philippine Statistics Authority (Philippines)

Durian Consumption by Country

(millions KG)

Source:

Badan Pusat Statistik (Indonesia)

ITC - Trade Map (China, Thailand)

Office Of Agricultural Economics (Thailand)

Agri Developments (Malaysia)

Durian Exports by Share

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Source: ITC - Trade Map & Agri Developments

Durian Imports by Share

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Source: ITC - Trade Map & Agri Developments

Did You Know?

  • The name "Durian" originates from the Malay word "Duri" which means "thorn", and it refers to the sharp spines on the fruits husk.

  • The Durian genome comprises of roughly 46,000 genes - almost double that in humans who have about 23,000 genes.
  • Durian fruit can weigh up to 7 pounds and can inflict serious injury to people passing under the tree when it falls.

  • Musang King Durian from Malaysia is in such high demand in China that prices have  reached upwards of 100 USD/KG.

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The Chinese pay top dollar for Malaysia’s ‘Musang King’ variety of durian because of its creamy texture and bitter-sweet taste. Prices have nearly quadrupled in the last five years.

Reuters

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