Kuwait is one of the richest countries in the world with a GDP per capita of over USD 66,000, placing it ahead of Switzerland, the United States and Germany. Although Kuwait is considered food secure by The Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU), ranked 28th in the world, this could not be further from the truth when analyzed thoroughly. Such rankings weight food affordability, availability and quality rather than examining self-sufficiency.
Kuwait in terms of food self-sufficiency ranks as one of the world’s weakest, relying on imports for over 96% of its food supply. The situation is expected to get worse as only 0.60% of it land is suitable for farming and diminishing rapidly, and its lack of water. Kuwait receives little more than a tall glass of water of rainfall the entire year and has no lakes or rivers. It is entirely dependent on water importation along with food.As a result, AGRI Developments has been consulting companies across the country to build and maintain hydroponic produced water efficient food supplies, capable of ensuring reliable and high quality food supply for their population.
Kuwait is heavily reliant on food imports, with over 96% of its food being imported. Kuwait imports over USD 300 million annually worth of vegetables alone.
Only 0.6% of Kuwait's land is arable and suitable for farming. Of that, its arable soil contains 80-90% sand with very low water retention capacity.
With no permanent rivers of lakes almost all of Kuwait's cultivated area relies on artificial irrigation.