Vietnam’s economy is heavily dependent on the agricultural sector. Agriculture employs more than half of the population with production primarily situation in the country’s lowlands and smaller portions of the highlands. The primary agricultural areas are the Red River delta, the Mekong River delta. Although rice and coffee are its key agricultural exports its land is suitable for a variety of crops.
Avocado production has existed in Vietnam since the mid 90’s it is a relatively new crop whose production levels have been rising recently. They are grown in the mountainous area of the country known as The Central Highlands. Production is primarily centered in the province of Dak Nong which has 2,600 h.a. of avocados. Avocados are also grown in Ba Ria-Vung Tau, Lam Dong and Dac Lac in the south, and Phu Tho in the north of Vietnam.
The Vietnamese government has been supportive of developing the avocado sector and has been encouraging exports. AGRI Developments is leading the drive into avocados, specifically Hass which is the most popular export variety and one which is not commonly planted within the country. Vietnam is ideally positioned to meet the growing demands of Asia, which has seen imports from South America, namely Peru and Mexico sky rocket over the past five years.
Production is centered in The Central Highlands, primarily in the province of Dak Nong followed by Dak Lak, followed by Dong Nai and Lam Dong provinces.
Vietnam is closer to Asian growth markets than its South American competitors. China, Hong Kong and Korea who have experienced import growth of 174%, 211% and 663% respectively since 2015.
Bo Sap and Bo Mo avocado varieties are the most popular varieties grown.